The influence of international paper industry on C

2022-08-08
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Analysis of the influence of international paper industry on China's paper industry in 2012

although China is a big country in paper making and paper use, it still needs to communicate with foreign countries in technology, and it still depends on the international to drive the development of China's paper industry

1 the business scale of the world's top 100 paper companies continues to expand

between 2002 and 2004, the turnover of the world's top 100 paper companies increased from $232.338 billion to $274.642 billion, an annual increase of 8.73%. Among them, Europe, Oceania, Latin America and Africa grew rapidly, and their proportion in the turnover of the world's top 100 paper companies continued to rise, while Asia grew slowly, and the proportion of North America continued to decline. However, North America and Europe still occupy the top two places in the number and proportion of manufacturers, leading the global paper industry. The number and proportion of manufacturers in Asia have basically not changed significantly, indicating that the quality of products still needs continuous improvement. In addition, the output and consumption of paper and paperboard in Asia have increased rapidly in recent years. China ranks second and Japan ranks third. However, the number of factories has decreased (19 in 2003 and L7 at present). On the whole, there are still problems such as small scale and weak competitiveness

revenue indicators have good growth

in 2004, the global paper industry showed a good development trend, not only the turnover was the fastest growing year in recent years, but also the profits increased significantly. In 2004, the profit of the world's top 100 paper companies was 19.939 billion US dollars, a net increase of 5.571 billion US dollars over 14.368 billion US dollars in 2003, an increase of 38.77%, and the operating profit margin was 7.26%. Among them, North America was the largest beneficiary, with a net increase of $3.735 billion, accounting for 67% of the total net increase, accounting for 56.99% of the total profits of the world's top 100 paper companies, and the operating profit margin was as high as 9.66%, the highest in recent years. This is mainly related to the successive closure of North American paper companies and the effective integration of resources in previous years; Other continents have increased their profits to a certain extent, but the proportion has decreased to varying degrees. Latin America relies on a good commodity pulp market and low production costs, with an operating profit margin of 22.57%, the highest in all continents

the growth of commercial pulp is faster than that of paper and paperboard

the world economy has recovered significantly, driving the steady growth of world paper and paperboard consumption, and the demand for commercial pulp is particularly strong. In 2004, the output of commercial pulp of the world's top 100 paper companies was 30.76 million tons, a net increase of 2.88 million tons over 2003, an increase of 10.31%, especially the output of commercial pulp of traditional pulp producing countries (Canada and the United States) and emerging pulp producing countries (Brazil, Chile, etc.) increased rapidly. The output of commercial pulp in North America and Latin America in 2004 increased by 10.54% and 25.57% respectively compared with 2003, accounting for 38.17% and 25.1l% of the world's top 100 paper companies respectively. Due to the relative lack of forest resources, the growth of paper and paperboard production in Asia is faster than that of commercial pulp, resulting in the continuous reduction of commercial pulp. In 2004, it was 17.86% lower than that in 2003, and has become the main region for the import of commercial pulp. In 2004, the paper and paperboard output of the world's top 100 paper companies was 21.23 million tons, a net increase of 880000 tons over 2003, an increase of 2.35%, which is far from the world's total growth level, and the proportion in the world's total output decreased by 2 percentage points, which shows that the development of the world's paper industry depends not only on the stable growth of the top 100 paper companies, but also on the rapid development of emerging paper companies. Latin America pays attention to the market of commercial pulp, and the output of paper and paperboard has decreased significantly; Africa has developed rapidly, becoming the highlight of the development of the global paper industry. North America and Europe have grown steadily, and still dominate the development direction of the global paper industry. Asian shortlisted manufacturers have decreased, and the total output is basically the same as that in 2003; Oceania grew slightly

2 the top ten Paper Companies in the world

according to the ranking published from 2000 to 2004, the top ten paper companies have been monopolized by the United States, Finland, Sweden and Japan, with only slight changes between the rankings. American International Paper (IP) ranks first, with a turnover of US $23.089 billion, almost twice that of the second

2.1 the output of pulp and paper decreased, but the turnover increased year after year

in 2004, the total output of commercial pulp of the top ten paper companies was 7.028 million tons, a decrease of 1.323 million tons compared with 2003, except Kimberly Clark, UPM and P & G; Except for Kimberly Clark of the United States, which did not obtain data, the total output of the other nine companies was 81.848 million tons, a decrease of 649000 tons compared with that in 2003. This is in contrast to the growth of pulp and paper output of the top 100 paper companies. The main reason is that these companies have made industrial adjustments in recent years, and achieved better profits by appropriately reducing output and stabilizing market prices. The turnover of the top ten Paper Companies in 2004 was 118.109 billion US dollars, an increase of more than 7% over 2003, and the increasing range increased

the number of employees in the company continues to decrease, increasing profits

in addition to the increase in the employees of SCA company in Sweden, the employees of other companies in the world's top ten paper companies continue to decrease. In 2004, the total employees were 487539, 30611 fewer than that in 2003. The turnover per employee in 2004 was US $240000, an increase of US $30000 over 2003. According to the ranking of the world's top ten paper companies published in the literature, the total turnover of the world's top ten Paper Companies in 2004 increased by 8.76% over 2003, while the profit increased by 64.77%, and the operating profit margin was 5.05%, an increase of nearly 2 percentage points over 2003

forest paper integration, high scientific and technological content, strong comprehensive competitiveness

half of the world's top ten paper companies have large-scale forest land development rights. For example, international paper (IP) is the world's largest paper and forest products company, with an annual wood processing capacity of more than 100million m3; Stora Enso has 26million hm2 of forest land in Finland and Sweden; Prince paper has 143000 woodlands in the world. These companies have a good combination of forest and paper, with a relatively complete industrial chain. In addition to the production of pulp and paper products, they also have forest product processing, chemical additives, logistics and other industries. Kimberly Clark UPM, Procter & Gamble and other companies have a series of products with independent innovation, and the amount of products is high. At the same time, they have developed sales and distribution systems or wholesale markets in umbrella ball, which provide very favorable conditions for market development and occupy a large advantage in specific markets. These companies have strong competitiveness and comprehensive strength to stabilize business performance due to their good combination of forest paper industry chain, strong scientific and technological innovation ability and many means to avoid risks

3 China's top ten paper companies

in recent years, China's paper industry has developed rapidly, and the industrial concentration has continuously improved, with the emergence of two million ton paper companies. In 2004, Shandong Chenwu paper industry entered the world's top 100 paper and company rankings, rising from 7O in 2003 to 65, with a total turnover of 852.5 million US dollars (domestic statistics is 160 million US dollars). In 2004, the total turnover of China's top ten paper companies was US $5.44 billion, only 60% of the world's top ten paper companies, which shows that China's paper industry still has many serious problems, such as small scale, accelerated implementation, scattered industries, and unclear industrial concentration

the shortlisted companies are relatively stable

the proportion of foreign investment continues to increase. According to the annual ranking published by the China Paper Association (according to the data received), the shortlisted companies of China's top ten Paper Companies in 2002-2004 were relatively stable, mainly distributed in the Eastern and southern coastal areas, and the proportion of foreign investment continues to increase. The main products are paper, cultural paper and packaging board, but household paper has not entered (2 of the world's top 10 paper companies). Two of the top ten paper companies belong to Singapore Asia Pulp and paper company (i.e. Jindong and Ningbo Zhonghua), which ranked 20th with a turnover of US $3.35 billion in 2003; There are also two foreign-funded enterprises in Dongguan Nine Dragons Paper and Dongguan Liwen paper, and the other six are domestic funded enterprises. With the development of foreign-funded enterprises and their relatively complete data acquisition, more foreign-funded enterprises may be shortlisted, showing the strong momentum of the development of foreign-funded enterprises, which is also an important force to promote the development of China's paper industry

the production scale and turnover increased rapidly, but the profits tended to decline.

in 2004, the output of paper and paperboard of China's top ten paper companies was about 8.99 million tons, a net increase of 2.54 million tons over 2003, accounting for 18.15% of the whole industry. Compared with 2003, all experimental machines will reach the accuracy of 0.5 level, which is an increase of about 3 percentage points; The total sales revenue was about 43.9 billion yuan, a net increase of 9.3 billion yuan over 2003, accounting for 21.85% of the industry, an increase of about 1 percentage point over 2003; The total profits and taxes were about 5.4 billion yuan, a net increase of 200million yuan over 2003, accounting for 29.06% of the industry, a decrease of about 3 percentage points over 2003; The sales profit margin has a downward trend. At present, it is basically the same as the average level of the top 100 international paper companies (about 7%), which shows that the scale efficiency of the top 10 paper companies is not obvious, the labor productivity is low, and it has not really played a leading role in the development of the industry

the combination of forestry and paper needs to be improved, and the ability to avoid risks is weak.

China's top ten paper companies have hardly formed their own forestry and paper industry, and their self-made pulp capacity is seriously insufficient. High quality paper fibers mainly rely on imports, and the raw material cost is greatly affected by external factors, which directly leads to the instability of business performance and the continuous decline of profits. Most of the top ten Paper Companies in the world produce commercial pulp, but none of the top ten Paper Companies in China produce commercial pulp. The combination of forest and paper needs to be improved. Vigorously promoting the forest paper integration project is a step for the sustainable development of China's paper industry. In recent years, the pace of China's forest paper integration project has accelerated. At present, APP company has built a production line with an annual output of 1million tons of eucalyptus pulp in Hainan, Yueyang forest paper is building a production line with an annual output of 400000 tons of chemical wood pulp in Huaihua, Hunan, and Chenming paper is preparing a production line with an annual output of 70000 tons of eucalyptus pulp in Zhanjiang, Guangdong. In addition, China's top ten paper companies have a relatively simple industrial chain, basically only produce paper products, and have not established their own effective sales and distribution system. They also rely on large dealers to a large extent. Their ability to stabilize the market is insufficient, and it is difficult to ensure continuous profits, so their ability to avoid risks is weak

international cooperation is deepening, and cost competition is becoming more and more difficult.

in order to alleviate the pressure of fund-raising and market development, many powerful companies have carried out international cooperation widely, such as Chenming Paper and foreign companies jointly established Jiangxi Chenming, Huatai Paper and Stora Enso reached a memorandum of understanding for joint venture projects, etc. Through cooperation, the introduction of advanced management concepts and further integration with the international community can create favorable conditions for expanding overseas markets and improving business capabilities. According to the annual report of Listed Companies in 2004, the production scale of Listed Companies in the paper sector has increased significantly in recent years, and they need to continuously increase investment. However, there are still a large number of gaps in capital, which have to be solved by increasing commercial loans, so that the asset liability ratio continues to improve, and the ability to digest financial costs has become an obstacle to cost competition. For example, in 2OO4, the asset liability ratio of Chenming was close to 70%, that of Yuezhi was more than 70%, and that of Bohui was close to 6O% Huatai is close to 50%, etc. At the same time, in 2004, Taiwan yongfengyu (the world's top 100 paper companies ranked 7O) and Zhenglong (the world's top 100 paper companies ranked 83rd), both of which are the world's top 100 paper companies and have paper investment in the mainland, rose in all financial indicators, with sales profits of 8.85% and 5.48% respectively, while asset liability ratios were low, 44% and 36% respectively. So at present, China's paper industry mainly depends on a large amount of new fixed investment to improve economies of scale, the actual effect is very limited, and will face the rapid rise of costs and debt repayment pressure caused by excessive debt